Interactive Local Plan The Profile
Trafford’s Place in the North West
2.1 - Trafford is one of the ten metropolitan districts of Greater Manchester within the north-west of England. The Northern Way Growth Strategy translated the concept of city regions into practical delivery and alongside the Manchester City Region, identified the Liverpool and Central Lancashire City Regions. These three City Regions together with remaining areas of Cheshire, Cumbria and Lancashire make up the North West region.
Trafford in the Sub-Region
2.2 - The Trafford LDF will contribute to and support the vision of the Manchester City Region becoming a world class city. Trafford is one of the main economic drivers in the City Region’s economy. Given Trafford’s role in the City Region, we must ensure, through the implementation of this Plan, that growth benefits not only Trafford’s residents but also that it contributes to the wider aspirations for Greater Manchester.
2.3 - The 10 local authorities of Greater Manchester are working together with a common objective of ensuring that by 2020 a world class city region will exist at the heart of a thriving North of England.
2.4 - Greater Manchester is one of the two pilot statutory city regions announced by the Government in the 2009 Budget. A comprehensive and independent economic review of the conurbation's future prospects is now complete, the Manchester Independent Economic Review (2009). Joint working and collaboration across almost all policy areas from shared services and cultural change to environmental and economic policy interventions, and transport infrastructure is being developed.
2.5 - The 10 Greater Manchester local authorities and Greater Manchester Integrated Transport Authority submitted a scheme to the Government for the creation of a new authority. The Greater Manchester Combined Authority (GMCA) was established on 1 April 2011 and co-ordinates key economic development, regeneration and transport functions. Trafford will play a vital role in delivering the aims and objectives of the GMCA.
2.6 - The creation of the GMCA has seen a real and significant transfer of powers from central Government to the City Region. Transport powers, for example, are now similar to those wielded by Transport for London; a new Transport for Greater Manchester Committee will now assist the GMCA in carrying out its transport functions.
2.7 - The Greater Manchester Strategy (GMS) has established the strategic priorities for the City Region. Although it is not a statutory document, it is endorsed by AGMA and represents a foundation from which subsequent work can reflect the concept of the City Region.
2.8 - The Manchester City Region is committed to delivering accelerated economic growth over the next few decades, so that by 2025 it is a world class city region with economic productivity levels matching those of London and the South East. The Greater Manchester Strategy sets a vision that: “By 2020, the Manchester city region will have pioneered a new model for sustainable economic growth based around a more connected, talented and greener city region where the prosperity secured is enjoyed by the many and not the few.”
2.9 - The GMS covers a broad range of issues a number of which relate directly to spatial planning, such as the priority of economic growth through Knowledge Based Industries, whilst also ensuring that the jobs created are accessible to local people. There is also a strong link between the economy and housing. It considers that there is a need to create neighbourhoods of choice if skilled workers are be attracted to and retained in the City Region. Transport networks will need to be efficient in order that the components of a vibrant city region function successfully. Climate change is also recognised as an issue which must be addressed.
2.10 - The Manchester City Region has been divided into a number of sub-areas. Trafford is made up from parts of three of these, the Regional Centre, the Inner Areas and the southern part of the City Region. Within Trafford, the Regional Centre comprises Trafford Wharfside and Pomona; the Inner Areas Trafford Park and north Trafford with the remaining part of Trafford forming the southern part of the City Region.
2.11 - The Regional Centre is the primary economic driver of the Manchester City Region, ensuring that the Regional Centre continues to provide the main focus for business, retail, leisure, cultural and tourism development in the City Region. In Trafford, Pomona, Wharfside (including Mediacity:uk and the Manchester United stadium) all play a significant role in one or more of these types of development and provide opportunities for growth in these sectors. Whilst Regional Spatial Strategy recognised that these parts of Trafford will be included within the Regional Centre, a precise boundary was not offered in that Plan.
2.12 - In RSS (2008) the Regional Centre of Manchester City Region was defined as comprising Manchester City Centre and Central Park to the East, the higher Education Precinct and Central Manchester Hospitals to the south, and Salford University, Salford Quays, Trafford Wharfside and Pomona Docks to the West.
2.13 - Proposals for residential development in the Regional Centre will be acceptable when they are part of mixed use employment schemes, comprising a good range of housing sizes, types, tenures and affordability and where they contribute to the vitality and viability of the Regional Centre. Additionally the expansion of the knowledge economy throughout the Regional Centre is a priority.
2.14 - The Inner Areas will be a focus for residential development, securing a significant increase in their population to support major regeneration activity and the improvement of community facilities and the creation of sustainable mixed communities, appealing to a broad range of new and existing residents.
2.15 - RSS (2008) Policy MCR2 offered no detailed boundary but stated that the Inner Areas surrounding the Regional Centre comprise of North Manchester, East Manchester and Central Manchester regeneration areas, Trafford Park, North Trafford and Central Salford. The expansion of the knowledge based economy will be a priority in the area which stretches from University of Salford in the West to Piccadilly Station in the east, via the Higher Education Precinct and the Central Manchester Hospitals campus.
2.16 - Within the southern part of the City Region, economic development will be focused in the towns and on brown-field land to meet local needs and regeneration priorities. Similarly in this area residential development will meet local needs and support local regeneration strategies.
2.17 - These boundaries will be detailed on the Proposals’ Map as set out in Appendix 1.
Trafford in Detail
2.18 - Trafford is located in the south west of Greater Manchester and has a population of around 210,000 people (8.5% of the Greater Manchester population) and has a diverse mix of communities. It is one of the smaller Boroughs within the conurbation, covering an area of some 10,600 hectares (26,200 acres or 41 square miles).
2.19 - To the north and east, Trafford adjoins the Metropolitan Districts of Salford and Manchester and, to the south, the Unitary Authority of Warrington and Cheshire East Council (formerly Macclesfield Borough Council), where the River Bollin forms the Borough boundary.
2.20 - Trafford is a Borough of contrasts. It has important centres for industry and business with major and long established industrial estates; a high quality natural environment including leafy suburbs and large areas of countryside (the majority of which being Green Belt) and; some of the most disadvantaged neighbourhoods in the entire country.
2.21 - Given that spatial planning is about producing outcomes for places, we have split Trafford into a number of places that we consider are locally distinctive. Figure 2 provides an indicative illustration of these places, and the following section sets out the key characteristics/spatial profile for these 10 locally distinctive places and sets the scene for the Vision and Objectives that follow.