Level 5 - Child Protection, further information

When significant harm has been established the Local Authority has powers under Section 47 of the Children Act 1989. Where a Local Authority

a) is informed that a child who lives, or is found, in their area who:

  • Is subject of an emergency protection order, or
  • Is in police custody

b) or they have reasonable cause to suspect that a child who lives, or is found, in their area is suffering, or is likely to suffer, significant harm

Child development

Child Development
 Strengths Needs
  • Diagnosed with long term or terminal illness but receives appropriate responses
  • No concerns regarding social or communication difficulties
  • Has one or more secure attachment
  • Non-mobile child with an injury
  • Disclosure and/or evidence of Neglect, Sexual, Physical or Emotional abuse
  • At high risk of Child Sexual Exploitation / Child Criminal Exploitation
  • Undertakes dangerous risk taking behaviour including substance misuse
  • Child suffering severe and enduring mental health concerns
  • Little or no learning and development including physical, cognitive and social
  • Puts others at risk due to behaviour
  • Repeated unexplained illnesses or significant GP / A&E attendances
  • Evidence of internet exploitation
  • Gang member or associated with gangs
  • Child with a disability presenting as “in crisis”
  • Child is significantly obese / underweight as a result of neglect with co-morbidity factors impacting on their short and/or long term health outcomes

Parenting Capacity

Parenting Capacity
 Strengths Needs
  • Parents are still in contact with professionals about the concerns
  • There are no concerns around substance misuse, learning difficulties or mental health
  • Parents refuse medical attention
  • Parents mental health  / substance misuse / learning difficulties places child/young person at significant harm
  • Concern of a fabricated illness
  • Significant and/or prolonged parental domestic abuse where there are children
  • Non-compliance or disguised compliance over concerns raised
  • No positive stimulation
  • Parents do not have the capacity to meet the child’s needs or keep them safe from harm

Family/environmental factors

Family/Environmental Factors
 Strengths Needs
  • Close relationship with positive role model in the family
  • Services are already in place to tackle welfare and/or safety issues
  • No financial issues
  • Evidence of Force Marriage or Honour Based Violence
  • Female genital mutilation
  • Unaccompanied asylum seeker
  • Extreme poverty
  • Temporary accommodation due to fleeing domestic violence
  • Homelessness
  • Radicalisation / Extremism