Advantages and disadvantages of a resident parking scheme Advantages Residents having no off-street parking facility would have a reasonable opportunity to park close to their homes. Resident parking schemes do not offer any guarantees of a parking space and certainly not a parking space in front of the resident’s own home. The amenity of the area would be improved with vehicles being parked in a more orderly fashion. A scheme may have benefits from a social, community safety, housing or planning policy aspect. Shared use bays provide for short term visitors without the need for complex visitor permit administration systems. A scheme can encourage the use of alternative modes of transport. They may reduce traffic flows on residential streets. The reduction in the number of vehicles driving around an area searching for a parking place can improve local air quality. A scheme can improve road safety by reducing the number of vehicles using an area and also the number parked in unsuitable locations. Disadvantages Schemes do not agree with the primary role of the highway which is to ensure passage and re-passage. A resident parking scheme in one area might create or worsen parking problems in adjacent areas. Parking capacity for residents and visitors could at times be inadequate. A scheme could inhibit activities of commercial and other non-residential activities within the zone, especially retail areas. During restricted hours, the street may be lightly parked possibly leading to an accusation that the “parking stock” is being under used. By formalising the parking layout a net loss of spaces may result when turning movements and visibility at junctions are protected by new parking prohibitions. A scheme may limit the residents’ freedom to keep unlimited numbers of taxed vehicles on street. Permits to park in the area are charged to the residents within the zone area.